Monuments / Memorials


Commando Memorial

Commando Memorial

Das Commando Memorial ist ein Kriegerdenkmal an der A82 zwei Kilometer nordwestlich von Spean Bridge in Schottland.

Es wurde 1952 durch die Queen Mother zu Ehren der britischen Commandos des Zweiten Weltkriegs enthüllt. Das Denkmal liegt auf dem Weg vom Bahnhof Spean Bridge nach Achnacarry, wo während des Krieges die Ausbildung der Commandos stattfand. Durch seine Lage oberhalb von Spean Bridge am Rande des Great Glen bietet es eine gute Aussicht auf den Ben Nevis und die umliegenden Berge.[1]

Auf der Gedenktafel am Sockel des Denkmals steht: „In memory of the officers and men of the commandos who died in the Second World War 1939–1945. This country was their training ground.“

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The Commando Memorial is a Category A listed monument in the United Kingdom, dedicated to the men of the original British Commando Forces raised during World War II. Situated around a mile from Spean Bridge village, it overlooks the training areas of the Commando Training Depot established in 1942 at Achnacarry Castle. Unveiled in 1952 by the Queen Mother, it has become one of the United Kingdom’s best-known monuments, both as a war memorial and as a tourist attraction offering views of Ben Nevis and Aonach Mòr.

Glenfinnan Monument

Glenfinnan Monument

Glenfinnan Monument 03

Glenfinnan Monument

Glenfinnan Monument in Winter

Glenfinnan Monument, at the head of Loch Shiel, was erected, in 1815, in tribute to the Jacobite clansmen who fought and died in the cause of Prince Charles Edward Stuart.

It was designed by the eminent Scottish architect James Gillespie Graham. The raising of the Prince’s Standard took place at the head of the loch on 19 August, 1745, in the last attempt to reinstate the exiled Stuarts on the throne of Great Britain and Ireland.

Despite its inspired beginnings and subsequent successes, the Prince’s campaign came to its grim conclusion in 1746 on the battlefield at Culloden (see separate entry), also in the care of the National Trust for Scotland.

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Zur Erinnerung an die stuarttreuen Clans, die für ihren Prinzen Bonnie Prince Charlie’kämpften und starben, wurde im Jahr 1815 das GlenfinnanMonument errichtet.
An der Stelle, an der sich heute das Monument befindet, trafen sich am 19. August 1745 etwa 1.500 Männer der verschiedensten Clans, um zusammen mit dem Prinzen und für Schottlands Freiheit ins Gefecht zu ziehen.
In dem ganz in der nähe gelegenen Visitor Centre kann man in mehreren Sprachen, etwas über die Geschichte des Jakobitenaufstandes erfahren, welcher den Prinzen und seine Männer von Glenfinnan bis nach Derby (England), und dann wieder zurück zur letzten Schlacht nach Culloden führte.

McCaig's Tower

McCaig’s Tower is a prominent tower on the hillside (called Battery Hill) overlooking Oban in Argyll, Scotland. It is built of Bonawe granite taken from the quarries across Airds Bay, on Loch Etive, from Muckairn, with a circumference of about 200 metres with two-tiers of 94 lancet arches (44 on the bottom and 50 on top).

The structure was commissioned, at a cost of £5,000 sterling (£500,000 at 2006 prices using GDP deflator), by the wealthy, philanthropic banker (North of Scotland Bank), John Stuart McCaig.

John Stuart McCaig was his own architect. The tower was erected between 1897 and his death, aged 78 from Angina Pectoris, on 29 June 1902 at John Square House, Oban, Argyll.

McCaig’s intention was to provide a lasting monument to his family, and provide work for the local stonemasons during the winter months. McCaig was an admirer of Roman and Greek architecture, and had planned for an elaborate structure, based on the Colosseum in Rome. His plans allowed for a museum and art gallery with a central tower to be incorporated. Inside the central tower he planned to commission statues of himself, his siblings and their parents. His death brought an end to construction with only the outer walls completed.

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Der McCaig’s Tower oberhalb der Stadt ist der nicht fertiggestellte Nachbau des Kolosseums in Rom. Der ortsansässige Bankier John Stuart McCaig ließ das Monument 1897 bauen, um die einheimischen Arbeiter während der arbeitsarmen Wintermonate zu beschäftigen und seiner Familie ein Denkmal zu setzen. Weder der geplante Turm im Inneren des Bauwerks noch die Statuen der Familie McCaig wurden jemals fertiggestellt, da alle Mitglieder der Familie bis 1904 starben oder verarmten. Seit einigen Jahren ist der Innenraum dieses Folly als Parkanlage hergerichtet und die Aussichtsplattform kann bestiegen werden.

Wallace Monument

Wallace Monument

Wallace Monument -01

The National Wallace Monument (generally known as the Wallace Monument) is a tower standing on the summit of Abbey Craig, a hilltop near Stirling in Scotland. It commemorates Sir William Wallace, a 13th-century Scottish hero.

The tower was constructed following a fundraising campaign, which accompanied a resurgence of Scottish national identity in the 19th century. In addition to public subscription, it was partially funded by contributions from a number of foreign donors, including Italian national leader Giuseppe Garibaldi. Completed in 1869 to the designs of architect John Thomas Rochead at a cost of £18,000, the monument is a 67-metre (220 ft) sandstone tower, built in the Victorian Gothic style.

The tower stands on the Abbey Craig, a volcanic crag above Cambuskenneth Abbey, from which Wallace was said to have watched the gathering of the army of King Edward I of England, just before the Battle of Stirling Bridge. The monument is open to the general public. Visitors climb the 246 step spiral staircase to the viewing gallery inside the monument’s crown, which provides expansive views of the Ochil Hills and the Forth Valley.

A number of artifacts believed to have belonged to Wallace are on display inside the monument, including the Wallace Sword, a 1.63-metre (5 ft, 4 in) long sword weighing almost three kilograms. Inside is also a Hall of Heroes, a series of busts of famous Scots, effectively a small national Hall of Fame.

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Das Wallace Monument ist ein 67 m hoher vierkantiger Turm, welcher 1869 bei Stirling zum Gedenken an William Wallace errichtet wurde.

Der im neugotischen Stil erbaute Turm befindet sich 1,5 km nordöstlich von Stirling auf dem Berg Abbey Craig an der Straße nach Dunbley. Angeblich soll Wallace von diesem Hügel aus die englische Armee beobachtet haben, ehe er die schottischen Truppen beim Angriff befehligte. Die Bauzeit betrug acht Jahre. Ortsansässige behaupten, man habe den Turm als Attraktion für englische Touristen erbaut.

Wallace Monument 01

Wallace Monument 02

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